Sindhu Water Agreement In Hindi

The Indus River System supports nearly 210 MAF of average annual flows, of which India is capable of using nearly 31 MAF (15% of the total) from the three eastern rivers. [7] The water available above the terminals (7 MAF at Madhopur Headworks in the Ravi Basin, 13 MAF at Mandi Plain/Harike Headworks im Beas Basin and 14 MAF for Ropar Headworks in the Sutlej Basin) is 34 MAF, which excludes the availability of water in the areas downstream of these rim stations. In the absence of flooding from the Madhopur head to the Ravi River downstream, an additional 4549 MAF waters are available in an average year between the Madhopur head and the last border crossing point (Ravi-Syphon) to Pakistan, which is not yet used by India and also flows to Pakistan. [74] The floods also flow from Hussainiwala Headworks, the final dam to Pakistan via the Sutlej River in India. Black wrote that the bank was interested in the economic progress of both countries and feared that the dispute over the industry was only a serious obstacle to this development. India`s previous objections to third-party arbitration were corrected by the Bank`s insistence that it would not decide on the dispute, but that it would work as a channel to reach an agreement. [38] The World Bank was quickly frustrated by this lack of progress. What was initially conceived as a technical quarrel that would quickly unravel began to seem intractable. India and Pakistan have not been able to agree on the technical aspects of allocation, let alone on the implementation of an agreed allocation of waters.

Finally, in 1954, after nearly two years of negotiations, the World Bank proposed its own proposal, beyond the limited role it had assigned to itself, obliging both sides to consider concrete plans for the future of the basin. The proposal offered India the three eastern tributaries of the basin and Pakistan the three western tributaries….