Vowel Agreement

In addition, chilcotin has a class of pharyngealized „flat“ consonants [tsʕ, tshʕ, tsʼʕ, sʕ, zʕ]. Whenever a consonant of this class appears in a word, all previous vowels must be flat vowels. A thoughtful discussion of segmental and self-segmental approaches to vocal harmony. The Erzya language has a limited system of vocal harmony that includes only two vowel phonemes: /e/ (front) versus /o/ (back). A general overview of the processes of vocal harmony and the different formalisms. The vowels /e/, /œ/ (front) and /ɔ/ (back) can only appear in the first syllable of a word and do not actively participate in the harmony of vowels, but they trigger it. Most varieties of the Mari language have vocal harmony. . as evidenced by tuotteessa (not *tuotteessä). Although phonologically anterior vowels precede the suffix -nsa, it is grammatically preceded by a word controlled by a posterior vowel.

As shown in the examples, neutral vocalizations make the system non-symmetrical because they are phonologically forward, but leave forward/backward control to all grammatical front or back vowels. The actual vocal quality of neutral vowels changes little or nothing. Tatar has no neutral vowels. The vowel é is only found in teen words. Other vowels could also be found in reading words, but they are seen as back vowels. The Tatar language also has a round harmony, but it is not written. O and ö could only be written in the first syllable, but the vowels that mark them could be pronounced where ı and e are written. There is evidence of vowel-height vowel harmony or ATR in the prefix i3/e- in pre-Sarmonic lagash inscriptions (peculiarities of the motif have led a handful of scholars to postulate not only a phoneme /o/, but even a /ɛ/ and finally a /ɔ/)[13] Many cases of partial or complete assimilation of the vowel of certain prefixes and suffixes to one in the adjacent syllable are reflected in writings in some of the later periods, and there is a striking, but not absolute, tendency for disyllabic strains to have the same vowel in both syllables. [14] What appears as a vowel contraction in hiatus (*/aa/, */ia/, */ua/ > a, */ae/ > a, */ue/ > u etc.) is also very common.

Helsinki slang has slang words whose roots violate vocal harmony, e.B. Sörkka. This can be interpreted as a Swedish influence. A general overview of the processes of vocal harmony with a specific reference to the phonetic basis of this process. .