Yanukovych Association Agreement

The agreement also commits both sides to cooperate and converge policies, legislation and regulations in a wide range of areas. [How?] These include equal rights for workers, visa-free measures, the exchange of information and personnel in the field of justice, the modernisation of Ukraine`s energy infrastructure, access to the European Investment Bank and a host of others. The deal comes after more than two decades where the two sides have tried to forge closer ties with the other. On the one hand, the European Union wants to ensure that its imports of cereals and natural gas from Ukraine, as well as its exports of goods to Ukraine, are not threatened by instability in the region, as it believes that instability could possibly be reduced by socio-political and economic reforms in Ukraine. [7] [8] Ukraine, on the other hand, wants to increase its exports by benefiting from free trade with the European Union, while attracting desirable foreign investment and establishing closer relations with a socio-political entity to which many Ukrainians feel culturally strongly linked. Western Ukraine is generally more enthusiastic about joining the EU than Eastern Ukraine. [9] [10] Of course, legitimate interests are at stake for Russia. Kiev seems ready for a dialogue on minimizing the impact of the Association Agreement on Russian-Ukrainian trade. But will this satisfy Moscow? Thousands of people demonstrated again in the Ukrainian capital Kiev against President Viktor Yanukovych`s refusal to sign an association agreement with the EU.

While work on the signing of a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement between Ukraine and the EU began in 1999[188], formal negotiations between the Ukrainian government and the European Commissioner for Trade did not start until 18 February 2008. [189] Until May 2011, three outstanding issues remained to be resolved under the free trade agreement: quotas for Ukrainian grain exports, access to the EU services market, and geographical designations of Ukrainian raw materials. Apart from these issues, the agreement has been concluded. [190] Despite these outstanding issues, Ukraine was ready to sign the agreement as is. Although it wants a more solid formulation of the prospects for enlargement and access to the EU market for its truck drivers, Ukraine had more than many other candidates at the relevant stage of the process. The final agreement was initialled on 19 July 2012. [191] Ratification of the DCFTA, like the AA, was blocked by the EU due to concerns about the rule of law in Ukraine. [42] [43] [44] These include the application of selective justice and the amendment of electoral laws […].